Dental and jaw medicine – teeth grinding can have serious consequences


Some people wake up at night because the husband or wife is snoring. Others are awakened because their bed neighbor speaks in his sleep. And then there are not so few, their sleep is disturbed because someone grits with his teeth.

Teeth grinding, jaw tightening, teeth clenching – that's what dentists call bruxism. Bruxism can occur at night, during sleep, but also during the day. And it affects a surprising number of people, explains Professor Ingrid Peroz of the Charité in Berlin and President of the German Society for Functional Diagnostics and Therapy.

“The assumption is 20 percent, and the interesting thing is that it already affects children, from infancy to the elderly.”

Not only the teeth suffer

Under the crunching and pressing not only the teeth suffer over time, inscribed Ingrid Peroz.

“The consequences that it can have are marks on the teeth, such as sifting facets, discoloration of the tooth substance, destruction of fillings, destruction of crowns and bridges and prostheses – so it does not actually stop any of the materials that are in the oral cavity. “

But that's not all: not only the teeth suffer, the chewing and jaw muscles are also excessively burdened by the rubbing and clenching of the teeth.

Man with steel teeth (dpa / picture-alliance / Martin Athenstädt)Many people in everyday life have plenty of reason to clench their teeth (dpa / picture-alliance / Martin Athenstädt)

“In addition, it can also be a risk factor for patients experiencing headaches, typically temporal headache, or problems with masticatory muscle, or temporomandibular joint pain or TMJ movement disorders.”

Bruxism can not be cured, but a number of measures can reduce or even prevent consequential damage. In the now published first German guideline on the topic of bruxism – a recommendation for doctors – the treatment options are listed.

Remedy by bite rail

Often, a plastic splint will help, says dr. Matthias Lange, Dentist in Berlin and Member of the Board of the German Society for Functional Diagnostics and Therapy.

“There will be a bite-makeshift …

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